A statistician is a broad term for a professional
involved in the field of either theoretical or applied statistics.
Statisticians analyze a variety of data to supplement the knowledge of
professionals or businesses in the private or public sector. Their work
hinges on their ability to produce reliable data using appropriate,
up-to-date methods; this can mean, for example, managing and executing
surveys or ensuring that accurate data is obtained via other means such
as reviewing pre-existing records or via interviews. Statisticians
process and analyze the data using different mathematical techniques and
specialized software, then summarizing the results into practical
advice for their employer. These conclusions may be used to advise on
strategy and assist immediate decision-making.
type of people that statisticians work with varies. In private
industry, statisticians may work at improving a supply chain or helping a
manufacturing company reach certain operational standards, for example.
In the field of medicine, they may work with researchers to evaluate
data on new medicine.
Working in the public sector could include government surveys of all kinds, including related to environmental data.
statisticians have a master's or doctoral degree in statistics; in
general, they combine their degree with other specialized areas of
expertise to apply their analysis to that particular field. Statistician
positions may also require previous experience in a related role; the
ability to use specialized software necessary for statistical analysis
is required as well.
Apply statistical theory to collect,
organize, interpret, and summarize numerical data to provide usable
May also develop new mathematical theories.
May specialize in fields, such as
bio-statistics, agricultural statistics, business statistics, economic
statistics, or other fields.